The philosophy of Re-Creative Resources, Inc. is that
recreation and leisure are necessary components of life which are essential to
the well being of all individuals, regardless of their physical, emotional, or
With people living longer, it is increasingly
important to provide opportunity for these individuals to continue to enrich
their lives. Recreation programs in health-care facilities should be carefully
designed to meet each individual's needs and interests. Individuals in
health-care facilities should be offered opportunities to engage in social,
cognitive, spiritual, physical, sensory stimulating, diversional, empowering,
and creative-expressive activities, that have meaning and purpose.
The implementation of the 2006 revised CMS Guidance
to Surveyors for Activities also emphasizes the need for person-appropriate
activities. Long-term care facilities across the country are beginning to make
these dramatic quality of life changes. Re-creative Resources, Inc. can help
develop a program of activities and recreation that is therapeutic, educational,
individualized, interdisciplinary, and fun for everyone.
DEFINITION OF THERAPEUTIC RECREATION
The National Therapeutic
Recreation Society (NTRS) defines Therapeutic Recreation as:"Practiced in clinical,
residential, and community settings, the profession of Therapeutic Recreation
uses treatment, education, and recreation services to help people with
illnesses, disabilities, and other conditions to develop and use their leisure
in ways that enhance their health, independence, and well-being."
The CMS Guidance to Surveyors defines activities as,
“Any endeavor, other than routine ADLs, in which a resident participates that is
intended to enhance her/his sense of well-being and to promote or enhance
physical, cognitive, and emotional health. These include, but are not limited
to, activities that promote self-esteem, pleasure, comfort, education,
creativity, success, and independence. ADL-related activities, such as
manicures/pedicures, hair styling, and makeovers, may be considered part of the
PURPOSE OF THERAPEUTIC RECREATION and
- To offer activities that are meaningful to each
- To promote and enhance quality of life.
- To enhance or maintain cognitive abilities.
- To enhance or maintain physical abilities.
- To promote emotional and psychosocial well-being.
- To provide opportunity for socialization.
- To offer opportunity for creative expression.
- To offer opportunity for decision making, choice,
- To offer opportunity for religious or spiritual
- To offer solace and relaxation.
- To provide opportunity for fun, pleasure, and
- To offer opportunity to share common interests,
cultures, and experiences.
- To promote independence and decreased learned
- To provide opportunity to learn new skills, adapt
old skills, and enjoy new leisure experiences.
BENEFITS OF THERAPEUTIC ACTIVITIES AND
Ability to follow simple
Improved ability to make
Improved fine/gross motor
Increased mobility and range
Improved ADL skills/body
Increased strength and
Decreased use of pain
Improved Emotional Well-Being
Decrease in Behavioral
Opportunity for creative
Utilization of stress
Use of physical
Use of chemical
What is Therapeutic Recreation?" article by Mandy Kuykendall, CTRS